Experimental and Computational Micro-Characterization Techniques in Wood Mechanics

Curriculum Vitae


Education/Professional Career

1970:

BSc in Chemistry, Glasgow University, Scotland

1974:

PhD in Agricultural Chemistry, Glasgow University, Scotland

1974-1977:

Post-doc in Plant Biology, Hull University, England

Others

1986:

Visiting Scientist, CERMAV, Grenoble

1989:

Visiting Scientist, International Potato Center, Lima, Peru

Research Projects (relevant to Action)

The Scottish Integrated Research in Timber (SIRT) project, collaborative with Napier University (Edinburgh) and Forest Research, comprises a wide range of studies related to structural timber, principally Sitka spruce, at scales from molecules to trees. Glasgow University’s remit within the SIRT project is from the nanometer to millimeter scales, and involves the use of spectroscopic, X-ray scattering, mechanical and modelling studies to relate structure to strength and stiffness.

An EPSRC-funded project Structure and mechanical performance of Sitka spruce cellulose has the aim of characterizing the cross-sectional architecture of the cellulose microfibrils and predicting their tensile modulus for use in models of the mechanical performance of wood.

Selected Publications (relevant to Action)

M. Jarvis, Cellulose stacks up. Nature 426, 611-612 (2003).

P.M.J. Szyjanowicz, I. McKinnon, N.G. Taylor, J. Gardiner, M.C. Jarvis & S.R. Turner. The irregular xylem 2 mutant is an allele of korrigan that affects the secondary cell wall of Arabidopsis thaliana. The Plant Journal 37, 730-740 (2004).

A.Šturcová, I. His, D.C. Apperley, J. Sugiyama  & M.C. Jarvis. Structural details of crystalline cellulose from higher plants. Biomacromolecules 5, 1333-1339 (2004).

I.M. MacKinnon, A. Šturcová, K. Sugimoto-Shirasu, I. His, M.C. McCann & M.C. Jarvis. Cell-wall structure and anisotropy in procuste, a cellulose synthase mutant of Arabidopsis thaliana. Planta  224, 238-248 (2006).

A. Šturcová, S.J. Eichhorn & M.C. Jarvis. Vibrational spectroscopy of cellulose under mechanical stress. Spectral processing using bandshift difference integrals.. Biomacromolecules  7, 2688-2691 (2006).

C.Altaner, D.C. Apperley & M.C. Jarvis. Spatial relationships between polymers in Sitka spruce: proton spin-diffusion studies. Holzforschung  60, 665-673 (2006).

C.J. Kennedy, G.J. Cameron, A. Šturcová, D.C. Apperley, T.J. Wess & M.C. Jarvis. Microfibril structure in celery cellulose: X-ray scattering and NMR evidence. Cellulose  14, 235-246 (2007).

C.Altaner, A. Hapca, P. Knox & M.C. Jarvis. Detection of b-1-4-galactan in compression wood of Sitka Spruce [Picea sitchensis (Bong.) Carriere] by immunofluorescence. Holzforschung  61, 311-316 (2007).

C. Altaner & M.C. Jarvis.  Modelling polymer interactions of the ‘molecular Velcro’ type in wood under mechanical stress. Journal of Theoretical Biology  253, 434-445 (2008).

C.M. Altaner, E.N. Tokareva, J. Wong, A.I. Hapca,  J.P. McLean & M. C. Jarvis. Measuring compression wood severity in spruce. Wood Science and Technology in press (online version published Oct 2008).